Ageing and Urbanization: Exploring the relationship between different urbanized areas and daily activities of the elderly people in Southern Taiwan
Since 1993, the population structure has been rapidly ageing in Taiwan. According to the Census, by 2025, the proportion of the elderly people in Taiwan will occupy more than 20% of the total population and Taiwan will soon become a “super-aged” society defined by the United Nations. To this end, “active ageing” and “ageing-in-place” are the most influential concepts in shaping urban policies to meet the diverse needs of the ageing population in Taiwan ( Lin& Huang, 2015). Now Taiwan want to create a comprehensive care system that integrates medical care, LTC services, housing, prevention, and social assistance to allow people with disability to receive the care they need within a 30-minute drive. (1) Tier A – Community integrated service center：Coordinate and link care service resources according to the care plan designated by the care managers. Establish localized service delivery system that integrates and connects to B-tier and C-tier resources. Pick up and transport service connecting A-B-C service through community transport and care transport personnel. (2) Tier B– Combined service center：Elevate community capacity to provide LTC services. Increase diverse services for the public. (3) Tier C – LTC stations around the blocks：Provide respite service in the neighborhood. Implement primary prevention programs. However, cities/counties in different progress of urbanization will have different urban forms and urban services such as quantity and quality of infrastructures and might further influence the daily activities of the elderly dwellers (Ferreira et al. 2009). Some of the most recent studies also intend to investigate how urban form interact with older people’s daily activities by using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) equipment (Cornwell and Cagney 2017). Such method has not been adopted in delivering affective ageing-in-place strategies in Taiwan yet. Thus this study attempts to explore the relationship between urbanization and daily activities of the elderly people in Taiwan. We selected 30 older adults each from two southern Taiwan communities and provided them with smartphones, which captured GPS locations at 5-min intervals over 1 week. We also adopted ecological momentary assessments (EMA) and analyzed data over 7 days to assess real-time activities. Finally, it is expected to identify the possible differences of daily activities between the older people in the urban community and rural community and provide practical feedbacks for ageing-in-place strategies.