Professor Dr Md. Aminul Haque
Dr. Haque is a Professor and chairperson of the Department of Population Sciences, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. He received his Bachelor and Masters of Social Sciences in Sociology from the same university. He immediately joined in the department of Rural Sociology, Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Bangladesh. He then joined at the Dept of Population Sciences (2004), University of Dhaka the prime University in Bangladesh. Addition to teaching he is involved him in research. Haque worked as a member of technical committee for different ministries and departments. He is currently the project director of a project (2017-2021) of the ministry of Education which financed by UNFPA. He authored and co-authored more than 30 research articles in internationals and nationals journals. He also conducted three national level researches on child marriage, aging and gender biased sex selection in Bangladesh. As a long serving member in the department of population Sciences, Haque’s contributes to the director of family planning, ministry of health, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, NIPORT, ministry of education, ministry of planning, general economic divisions significantly. In his carrier, he presented scientific papers in many international conferences, workshops, seminars and currently working with 11 Asian countries for a project on Population projection.
Haque holds PhD in Public Health from the Institute of Tropical Medicine and Public health, Heidelberg University and a Masters from the Institute of Development Policy and Management (IDPM), Antwerp University Belgium in 2003.
Health-related quality of life among Hospitalised elderly in Bangladesh
Background: Studies on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among elderly is very limited in the developing countries, especially in Bangladesh. We aimed to assess the HRQOL among hospitalized elderly in Bangladesh by using WHOQOL-BREF and to validate it quantitatively with respect to internal consistency, domain structure, and discriminant validity.
Methods: We conducted a hospital-based cross-sectional study among 566 elderly in Bangladesh. Data were collected using the World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF (WHOQOL-BREF). The socio-demographic, clinical conditions information’s were collected using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to examine mean scores of quality of life. Cronbach’s alpha and Pearson’s correlation coefficients were applied to estimate the internal consistency, and the level of agreement between different domains of WHOQOL-BREF, respectively. Independent t-test and ANOVA test followed by multiple linear regression models were used to measure the association between QOL domains and independent variables.
Results: A total of 566 respondents were interviewed out of which 434 respondents were male and 134 respondents were female. About 80.80% of elderly were young-old (60-69 years), followed by 12.9% were in middle-old (70-79 years), and 6.3% were in old-old (80 +years) groups. About two thirds (74.12%) of the respondent were from rural areas. All domains of WHOQOL-BREF showed adequate internal consistency Cronbach’s alpha >=0.70 (range=0.87 to 0.90) with all item scores also most highly correlated with the scores of their assigned domains. The highest and the lowest mean scores of WHOQOL¬BREF domains was found for environmental health domain (mean = 20.38) and social relation domain (mean = 7.67) respectively. There is a statistically significant positive correlation between overall Quality of Life and scores obtained from different domains and Psychological domain strongly correlated with the environmental domain (0.80). There were significant differences between different states of some variables in four domains and the results of multiple linear regression revealed that age and sex are significantly associated with social relation domain (p<0.05).
Conclusion: This study validates that the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire is acceptable and consistent for hospitalized elderly in Bangladesh. Low HRQOL in social relation domain and variation in HRQOL across socio-demographic characteristics may increase by providing health education with respect to activity and environmental changes. As many older people remain in hospital inappropriately, a number of measures can be applied to allow for more treatments out of hospital. . Building sufficient systems of long-term care ensuring an proper combination of settings for long-term care that includes both formal and informal care is regarded as crucial Keywords: Elderly; health status, quality of life, hospitalized, multimorbidity, Bangladesh.