The ageing of the world’s population has significant consequences in multiples areas, which can be seen as a threat to the level of well-being provided by the modern welfare state. Nonetheless, elderly people represent an economic, social and cultural capital for the society. Health will be a determinant factor of whether or not the demographic transition represented by the ageing of the population can be beneficial for people and society. Therefore, a comprehensive response is urgently needed to promote healthy ageing. The WHO Global Strategy and Action Plan (2016) urges the establishment of the required evidence and collaborations in order to support a Decade of Healthy Ageing from 2020-2030. One area of needed evidence is the improvement of Active and Healthy Ageing (AHA) monitoring and research. The aim of the present ongoing project is to analyse and compare the opinions, values, preferences and intrinsic capacity as well as the aspects of the environment according to elder people, family caregivers and healthcare providers of the region of Girona in relation to healthy ageing at home.
This work is a hermeneutic phenomenological study. A planned sample of 170-200 people will be distributed in three groups: elderly people, family caregivers and healthcare providers. A set of 20 focus groups will be created being the final number variable depending on the saturation of the information. A semi-structured guide of open questions based on the Global Strategy and Action Plan (2016) will be used. All sessions will be recorded and transcribed. Qualitative analysis of the content will be carried out using the text data analysis program ATLAS-ti. This study will be conducted according to the agreements established in the Declaration of Helsinki. An information-sheet has been prepared for the participants and informed consent will be requested. The confidentiality of information and anonymity will be ensured. Authorization will be required for the registration of focus group. Anonymity will be ensured.
Regarding applicability and relevance, this study will allow to contrast the perception of people and health professionals in relation to healthy ageing. Based on the results, an action plan will be established to generate educational and participative activities for elderly, family and professionals. This action plan is intended as a wide-ranging measure for the promotion of healthy ageing by encouraging older people to remain active, autonomous and integrated into society. The results and the action plan will be distributed to citizens, health professionals, organizations and institutions.