Prof. Jacob John Kattakayam is Professor Emeritus at the University of Kerala, Senior Fellowship Awardee of ICSSR, Immediate Past President of the Indian Sociological Society & Hon. Director, Centre for Gerentological Studies. He was the Director-cum-Professor of the UGC Academic Staff College, University of Kerala, for over 12 years and Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences. He was member of the ICSSR (2005-2008), Secretary of the Indian Sociological Society for two terms (2001-2005), and Visitor’s nominee to the Faculty of Education, University of Delhi (2007-2010). He has produced 33 Ph.D.s and is supervising 10 Ph.D. students. He has served as Visiting Professor at University of Southern California, U.S.A 2004, and Montclair State University, New Jersey, USA, during Spring 2003. He has also served as visiting faculty in the Morgan State University, USA, in 1987 and Duke University, North Carolina, USA (1998) and has visited several Universities in USA, Canada, Europe, South America, Australia, Africa and Asia and delivered lectures. He has presented papers and chaired sessions at the 18th World Congress of Sociology Yokohama, Japan, International Federation of Ageing Workshop, Istanbul(2013), 20th World Congress of Gerontology, Seoul (2013),World Forum of the International Rural Network, Whyalla, Australia (2012), 17th World Congress of Sociology, Sweden (2010), 6th Asia-Pacific Social Sciences and Medicine Conference, Kunming, China (2002), 5th Global Conference on Ageing, Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina (2000), XVI World Congress of Gerontology, Adelaide, Australia (1997), and XII World Congress of Sociology, Bielefeld, Germany (1994). He has also presented papers at the 18th World Congress of Gerontology, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2005), 4th International Conference on Rural Networking, Abingdon Virginia, USA (2005), 5th International Conference of Association of Anthropology and Gerontology (AAGE), University of Texas, Austin, USA (2005), 17th World Congress of Gerontology, Vancouver, Canada (2001), Global Conference of the International Federation of Aging in Durban, South Africa (1997) and 11th World Congress of Sociology in Madrid, Spain (1990). He was selected by the UNFPA to attend an international workshop on Social Gerontology in Malta (1993) and an international workshop on Health Expectancy at Nihon University, Tokyo (1999). The Ministry of Human Resource Development at the invitation of the South African Government nominated him to present the country paper at the academic seminar held in connection with IBSA Summit in Johannasberug, Oct. 15 – 17, 2007. He has authored four books, edited four, and is Series Editor for the seven Diamond Jubilee Volumes of the Indian Sociological Society. He was re-elected to the Executive Committee of the International Sociological Association, RC11, and to the Board of Directors of the International Rural Network (IRN), Canada. In July 2015 and July 2017 he has attended the Sixth and Eighht Open-ended Working Group on Ageing at the UN headquarters, Newyork and addressed the UN General Assembly. He has also Presented Papers at the International Conference organized by the ISA-RC11 on Aging Families at Syracuse University, USA(2015) and Third ISA Forum of Sociology in Vienna, Austria(2016).
INCOME SECURITY AFTER RETIREMENT – A SITUATION ANALYSIS OF RETIRED ELDERLY IN KERALA,INDIA
India is growing old! The stark reality of the ageing scenario in India is that there are 77 million older persons in India today, and the number is going to grow to 177 million in another 25 years. Kerala, a relatively small Southern state in India, is experiencing the last stages of demographic transition that can be compared to the demographic trend in many aging European countries. Kerala has the highest percentage of elderly population (12.6 %), higher than the national average. Though life expectancy has been increasing steadily in Kerala for the last four decades, the retirement age of the state government employees remained at 55 years until 2011 when it was increased to 56 years. As retirement has become an essential life-stage in older adults, leading a secured retired life is crucial for long term life-satisfaction of the elderly. In an emerging materialistic society, income is a very important factor decisive in determining the secured life to family of the retired elderly. The present society is absorbing the materialistic values more than ever before and this fact finds expression every walk of life and this is true of the retired elderly as well. Kerala has four lakh pensioners and 12 lakh social security beneficiaries. Though some welfare measures have been taken for the aged persons, these measures are not fool proof. The present paper attempts to capture the dimensions and issues of post retirement income security of the elderly in Kerala . Quantitative data were collected from 300 retired elderly from the selected households. The problem is approached from the perspective of changes happening in their financial position and relations within their family. The majority of the respondents held that the income has increased as they get more service pension while their expense has decreased. They enjoy the same status in their family and kinship even after retirement as the retired elderly nurtured their children with inculcating social values and giving all possible care and invested heavily on education of their children. After their retirement, they are paid back by their children by taking care of them and giving them due respect. Though this is a positive sign, the fact that around one tenth of them has decreased income do not get the expected care and security from the family invites attention to the emerging situation that the elderly in the state are likely to face more seriously in the coming days.