Majid Karandish is a nutritionist from Iran. He received his B.Sc. and postgraduate degrees in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, and Tehran University of Medical Sciences, respectively. He had a leading role in establishing ‘Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases Research Center’, at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Improving nutrition and quality of life in elderly people are among his current research topics.
Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among Elderly People in South-West of Iran
Metabolic syndrome (Met.S) is a cluster of conditions — increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels — that occur together, increasing risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Few studies about prevalence of Met.S on developing countries have been published. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Met.S among people aged over 50 years in south-west of Iran.
Participants were 355 over 50 years old (Male: 45%), who were selected by cluster sampling method from six public health centers in Ahvaz, located at south-west of Iran. Met.S was defined by the criteria suggested by National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panel III. All anthropometric and biochemical measurements were carried out according to standard protocols.
Total prevalence of Met.S was 33.4%. The prevalence of Met.S in women (40.6%) was significantly higher than in men (26.3%). After classification of participants into three age groups (50-59, 60-69, and 70≤ years old), the highest prevalence was observed in the middle group.
Based on the finding of this study, elderly people in south-west of Iran are strongly susceptible to chronic consequences of Met.S. Modifiable factors such as nutrition and physical activity should be improved among them.