Li Wang has a PhD in Health Research Methodology and M.S of Statistcs at McMaster University. She works as a Data Analyst at the Statistics Canada Research Data Centre at McMaster. Li has vast analytical expertise and experience with many population and administrative datasets and with a wide range of statistical software. She engages in health service research to inform policy and program change.
Social participation and depressive symptoms of carer-employees of older adults in Canada: Analysis of the Canadian longitudinal study on aging
Li Wang, McMaster University, Canada
This study used two waves of data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) to investigate the association between social participation and depressive symptoms in carer-employees (CE) and non-carer-employees.
Adopting Pearlin et al.’s (1990) stress model, multivariate linear regression was used to examine the relationships among: the role of carer, social participation, and depressive symptoms in Canadian employees using the first two waves of CLSA data, while controlling for possible confounders.
Higher levels of social participation were found to be associated with lower depressive symptoms in both waves. Social participation was found to moderate depressive symptoms for carer-employees when compared with non-carer-employees in Wave 2 but not in Wave 1.
The present study highlights the importance of social participation in reducing carer-employees’ depressive symptoms. The findings provide support for innovative policy and intervention efforts to encourage and enhance social participation at work via carer-friendly workplace policies for carer-employees across Canada.