Aim: Although some studies demonstrated that facial exercise had psychological effects on workers, junior high school students, patients with Parkinson’s disease, and patients with diabetes mellitus, thus far it is unknown for the effects on elderly people. To elucidate the effects of facial exercise in elderly people, the mental health, mood, tongue muscle power, and facial expression were examined.
Methods: Community-dwelling older adults (N=53,65-87 years old) were randomly divided into the facial exercises group (N=25) and the control (N=28). The facial exercises session of 30 min was given to the exercises group twice a week for 12 weeks. This program consisted of rhythmic facial movement, muscle stretching, facial yoga, and Tanden breathing. The GHQ-12 were used for mental health assessment, and facial expression and tongue muscle power were measured to both groups before and after the 12-week study period. In addition, a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to assess changes in mood before and after each session.
Results: Mood assessed by VAS score improved after each session. and in the intervention group, the GHQ-12 scores, the results of facial expression analysis, and tongue muscle power measurements improved after the 12-week study period.
Conclusions: These results suggest that facial exercises are effective on the mental health, mood, facial expression, and tongue muscle power in elderly people.
facial exercises, elderly, mental health, tongue muscle power, facial expression