Dr. Majid Karandish is a professor of Nutritional Science, at Department of Nutrition, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. He was the first director of ‘Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases Research Center’ at the university. Currently, he is the director of research development of the university.
The prevalence of malnutrition in elderly patients under hemodialysis in Ahvaz, Iran
Majid Karandish, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Malnutrition is a multifactorial problem that can increase morbidity and mortality, especially among patients with chronic diseases including who are undergoing hemodialysis. The effect of malnutrition on patients’ status may be more serious among older patients. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malnutrition among patients with end stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis in Ahvaz, Iran.
A total of 239 patients (162 male) in three dialysis centers in Ahvaz, south west of Iran, were recruited in this cross-sectional study in 2018. Nutritional status was assessed by subjective global assessment (SGA). Patients were divided into two groups according to age (≤65 or 65< year).
Forty-five (19%) and 26 (11%) of patients had mild to moderate or severe malnutrition, respectively. Malnutrition was significantly more prevalent in the older group (40% vs. 24%). In addition, the prevalence of malnutrition was higher among women (33%) compared with men (26%).
As malnutrition results in poor prognosis in patients undergoing hemodialysis, findings of this study strongly justify paying more attention and considering supportive intervention in such elderly patients especially the women.
Keywords: Hemodialysis, malnutrition, elderly